Like most states, Pennsylvania currently gives all of its electoral votes to the presidential candidate who wins the state.
Senate Bill 538 would automatically give the winner of the state-wide popular vote 2 of the state's electoral votes, and distribute the rest based on a percentage of votes won by each candidate. Under that system, President Obama would have received 12 of Pennsylvania's Electoral Votes, while Mitt Romney would have received 8.
Similar changes have been floated in other states by both parties, but Penn State Altoona political science Professor Nicholas Pyeatt is doubtful the bill will pass.
"The biggest reason it won't go anywhere is the simple fact that it will make Pennsylvania less important," he said. "Some candidates might say, 'Why don't I just focus more efforts in a state that's winner take all?'"
The proposed change has been criticized by the NAACP and Democratic state senators as an attempt to undermine Latino and African American voters.
Democratic Senator Vincent Hughes (D) addressed the proposed changes at a news conference.
"Instead of focusing on the issues Pennsylvanians care about, they're [Republicans] more interested in rigging the next election in their favor with a scheme to change how Pennsylvania allocates its electoral college votes," he said.
The bill has 12 Republican cosponsors.
Sen. Pileggi's office told WTAJ that the bill is not a priority for Pileggi, and that he's more focused on the state's budget and pension reforms.
"There's an ongoing national discussion about whether or not the Electoral College should be changed," Pileggi's office said in a statement. "The idea of allocating electors with a proportional distribution is one that we believe has merit and should be part of that discussion."
Democrats have won Pennsylvania in every presidential election since 1992.
In the most recent presidential election, both parties poured enormous resources into the Pennsylvania with hopes of winning its 20 electoral votes.