Thoroughly clean surfaces that may have been contaminated by viruses. Research shows the flu virus can survive on hard surfaces for 24 to 48 hours and on cloth, paper and tissues for 8 to 12 hours.
Respiratory viral infections get into the body through the mucous membrane. So it’s important to not touch your eyes, nose or mouth if you think you may have been exposed to the germs. Don’t share towels, eating utensils, cups or plates. If you’re in a closed, crowded area (like an airplane), consider wearing a mask to prevent inhaling airborne germs.
Martz also recommends keeping the body in prime shape so the immune system can fight germs. Eat a balanced diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables, drink lots of fluids and get enough sleep and exercise.
The best way to prevent the flu is with an annual flu shot. In previous years, the flu shot was only recommended for high risk groups or those who interact or care for someone at risk. Now, the CDC recommends a flu shot for anyone who wants to reduce their risk of getting the flu or spreading the infection to others.